The account of Daniel’s book appears to be written in his later years (92 years of age) and recorded for him by the scribes and one account from the writings of Nebuchadnezzar himself.
Daniel wants the readers to be encouraged and assured that God is in control. The thrust of the Book is kingdoms, empires, governments and governmental institutions, like the Roman Church, may come and rise to power, but in the end GOD is in total control. It is through understanding God’s un-conditional prophetic Word that Daniel proclaims and records God’s Kingdom come on earth.
Ezekiel, one of Daniel’s contemporaries, regarded him as a remarkable man. Daniel gave four prophecies; they are, ‘The Times of the Gentiles, The reign of the Antichrist, The victory of the Christ and the time of the Lord’s Return’. Ezekiel 14:14 Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith the Lord GOD.
This book covers the period that the Kingdom of Judah was in captivity serving under five Babylonian kings and then finally 4 more Medo-Persian kings, Cyrus and Darius who were co-rulers.
It start with King Nebuchadnezzar, the Chaldean taking Daniel captive.
King Nebuchadnezzar, the Chaldean reigned 605–562 B.C. We have the record in the second BOOK OF KINGS Chapters 24 – 25 in our Bibles of how he conquered Judah and Jerusalem and destroyed the temple He was the ruler of Babylon in the Chaldean Dynasty.
King Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judah three times.
First in (or about) 606 B.C. The elite of Judah, including Daniel were carried away into captivity (Daniel 1:1 & 2 Kings 24:1, 2).
Next was in (or about) 598 B.C. when King Jehoiachin with other members of the royal family and Ezekiel were carried away (2Chronicles 36:5-6 & 9, 10 – 2Kings 24:15-17).
Finally, in or about 588 B.C. after a 3 year siege, King Zedekiah (the last king of Judah) was carried away, and Jerusalem with the Temple were destroyed (2Kings 25).
The first king Daniel served under in Babylon was the tyrant Nebuchadnezzar. Some say he may have slaughtered as many as 100,000. One reference made by the Jews is that Nebuchadnezzar was a schizophrenic dwarf (A Jewish ref – Genesis Rabbah 16:4).
A citizen of Babylon would call him “Nebuchadnezzar the Great”, because of his victories, but to a Christaian he may fall into the category of a type of the Beast, an abomination that caused desolation, because he destroyed Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem, taking away its treasured articles.
When he conquered Judah and Jerusalem, he also took many prominent citizens to Babylon to be servants to him and his sons (Daniel 1:1 & 2Kings 24:1, 2). Josephus states figures such as 5,000 Judeans and 7,000 from other tribes.
At this point in history, 606 B.C., and according to the Biblical account of Daniel the prophet, the Kingdom of Judah was going into captivity under King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
Daniel, a well educated young man was forced to serve the first tyrant, who had big problems with what we would call, “A small man syndrome”. So vicious was Nebuchadnezzar that he would put to death anyone in his court who did not know what he had dreamt and then failed to interpret it. Daniel was in line for the same treatment so he approached the King for a chance and to buy some extra time before he would deliver the interpretation.
Daniel’s education meant he had studied the Torah. The Books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy had special significance while in captivity in conjunction with Jeremiah’s letter. Daniel could see that Jeremiah was well aware of the seven times punishment and more than likely he knew the Book of Isaiah that described Babylon being removed by the Medes and Persians. But the overall factor he knows that God is going to establish His Kingdom on Earth no matter what is happening.
In HIS hands Dr. Ian Traill